Biodiversity policy and publications


UK policy and publications

UK National Ecosystem Assessment

Natural Environment White Paper 2011. ‘The Natural Choice: Securing the value of nature’

Lawton Review – Making Space for Nature: a review of England’s Wildlife Sites and Ecological Network

Biodiversity 2020: A strategy for England’s wildlife and ecosystem services

Biodiversity Action Plans

The UK Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) was published in 1994 as the UK’s response to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), signed at the UNCED Rio Summit in 1992.

It included action plans to conserve our most precious and valued habitats and species, and instigated a process of progress monitoring. Lists of priority habitats and species were compiled as a core part of the BAP, and these have acted as a focus for conservation efforts in recent years. The BAP lists were revised in 2007.

Local delivery

At the start of the BAP process, it was recognised by government that local Biodiversity Action Plans would be necessary to enable effective action and progress on the national BAP targets.

Herts and Middlesex Wildlife Trust prepared the Hertfordshire Biodiversity Action Plan on behalf of the Hertfordshire Environmental Forum. The report was first published in 1998, and was partially revised in 2006.

Recent changes in strategy

The 2010 CBD Biodiversity Summit in Nagoya resulted in the publication of a new strategy and set of targets for signatory governments. In light of this and the government’s new focus for biodiversity conservation, the UK BAP was replaced in July 2012 with the UK Post-2010 Biodiversity Framework.