How to compost your waste

How to compost your waste

Instead of sending your waste to landfill, create your very own compost shelter for wildlife.

The benefits of composting your garden and kitchen waste are two-fold. We’re reducing the amount of waste sent to landfill and providing a habitat for a number of minibeasts. The community of minibeasts who live among the waste help the decaying process, and in turn, these beasts are a delicious food source for hedgehogs and other animals.

All you need for a successful compost heap is waste, air and water!


In addition to saving you money, the increased organic content in your soil will boost fertility and help plants to build up resistance to disease and insect attack, reducing the need to use chemical controls. The compost will also improve the structure of the soil by increasing the numbers of worms, helping to keep it healthy.

All you need for a successful compost heap is waste, air and water! A simple heap covered with old carpet or plastic is just as effective as a 'bin'. The only advantage of a container is they look tidier and could be easier to manage. Try to pick a shady spot to keep things moist, and water any dry ingredients you may be adding.ed plants.


What to put in your compost:

  • Grass cuttings and dead leaves
  • Fruit and vegetable scraps and peel
  • Plain cardboard (not the glossy cereal box kind)
  • Old cut flowers and bedding plants
  • Prunings and dead plants
  • Coffee grounds
  • Tea bags (check your teabags don't contain plastic first!)
  • Pet droppings from any healthy veg-eating pets, including gerbils, rabbits, hamsters and birds along with any bedding made from natural material or newspaper
  • Egg shells – these help to keep the heap from smelling
  • Newspapers – shredded paper can help to soak up excess moisture in a heap


Top tips for composting:

  • Ensure you have a good mix of items. If you have large amounts of compostable items to dispose of, such as hedge trimmings or bags of cut grass it is worth using your garden waste bin if you have one or contacting your council to see if they have a municipal composting scheme
  • It will work best if you add a fair quantity of material at a time so it is perhaps best to save up you kitchen scraps and then add them to the heap along with some prunings or redundant old bedding plants
  • It is important to mix the contents of the heap every now and again to aerate it - wait at least three months to turn the heap with a gardening fork
  • Your compost is ready to use when it becomes dark and crumbly


Do not compost: cooked food, coal and coke ash, meat and fish, bones, cat litter, dog poo, disposable nappies or human poo, glossy paper, weeds, woody stems, or diseas

make your own compost wildlife watch illustrated instructions
compost the wildlife trusts